Wednesday, 25 April 2018

Lest We Forget ... 'Diggers' in my family.


This post will be an on-going record, telling the stories of family members in my family tree who served on the western front in World War 1.
I originally started with eight (discovered during research in 2017-2018), but as I uncover more family members who enlisted for WW1, I will keep adding to this post.

Adding on to this post ... another five.


A great grandson of my paternal Great Great Great Grandparents James Hukins and Susannah Fullagar.




Hollis Roy Dawes  (2nd cousin 2x removed on my father's side)





Regimental number4499
Place of birthAlbion Park, New South Wales
SchoolAvondale Public School, New South Wales
ReligionPresbyterian
OccupationCarpenter
AddressAvondale, New South Wales
Marital statusSingle
Age at embarkation23
Next of kinMother, Mrs M Dawes, Post Office, Dapto, New South Wales
Enlistment date16 August 1915
Date of enlistment from Nominal Roll31 August 1915
Rank on enlistmentPrivate
Unit name1st Battalion, 14th Reinforcement
AWM Embarkation Roll number23/18/4
Embarkation detailsUnit embarked from Sydney, New South Wales, on board RMS Osterley on 15 January 1916
Rank from Nominal RollCorporal
Unit from Nominal Roll45th Battalion
FateKilled in Action 11 April 1917
Place of death or woundingBullecourt, France
Age at death25
Age at death from cemetery records25
Place of burialVraucourt Copse Cemetery (Plot III, Row B, Grave No. 4), France
Panel number, Roll of Honour,
  Australian War Memorial
139
Miscellaneous information from
  cemetery records
Parents: Caleb and Mary Ann DAWES, Dapto, New South Wales
Family/military connectionsBrother: 2167 Pte Walter Leslie DAWES, 11th Bn, returned to Australia, 4 January 1919.
Other details
War service: Western Front
Medals: British War Medal, Victory Medal




A nephew of my paternal Great Great Grandparents Henry Johnson Brown and Caroline Penelope (nee Browning).


Jack Browning   (1st cousin 3x removed on my father's side)





Regimental number25
Place of birthLismore, New South Wales
ReligionChurch of England
OccupationTeamster
AddressBlakebrook, Lismore, New South Wales
Marital statusSingle
Age at embarkation26
Next of kinMother: Mrs Elizabeth Browning, Blakebrook, Lismore, New South Wales
Enlistment date16 November 1915
Rank on enlistmentPrivate
Unit name42nd Battalion, A Company
AWM Embarkation Roll number23/59/1
Embarkation detailsUnit embarked from Sydney, New South Wales, on board HMAT A30 Borda on 5 June 1916
Rank from Nominal RollPrivate
Unit from Nominal Roll42nd Battalion
Other details from Roll of
Honour Circular
Enlisted 16 November 1915. Taken on strength, 42nd Bn, 15 April 1916. Wounded, but remained at duty in February 1917 - 5 February 1917 &  9 February 1917
FateKilled in Action 8 March 1917
Place of death or woundingArmentieres, France
Age at death27
Place of burialCite Bonjean Military Cemetery (Plot IV, Row F, Grave No. 7), Armentieres, France
Panel number, Roll of Honour,
Australian War Memorial
135
Other details
War service: Western Front
Medals: British War Medal, Victory Medal

Jack was born in 1890.  He was the son of Joseph Edward Browning and Elizabeth Wilson.  He worked as a teamster before enlistment.
Jack embarked from Sydney aboard HMAT A30 Borda in June of 1916, when he was 26 years of age.  He disembarked at Southampton, England in July and proceeded overseas to France in November of 1916.
Jack was wounded twice in the field in February of 1917, and then sadly he was killed in action on the 8th of March 1917.  He had only been fighting in France for a little over 2 months!
Jack was buried in the military cemetery at Cite Bonjean in Armentieres, France.



A nephew of my paternal Great Great Grandparents, Thomas Connors, and Susannah (nee Hukins).




Frederick George Coombes  (1st cousin 2x removed on my father's side)







Regimental number2578
Place of birthCamperdown, New South Wales
ReligionRoman Catholic
OccupationCarter
AddressOakura Street, Rockdale, New South Wales
Marital statusSingle
Age at embarkation22
Next of kinFather: F J Coombes, Oakura Street, Rockdale, 
New South Wales
Enlistment date13 June 1915
Rank on enlistmentPrivate
Unit name4th Battalion, 8th Reinforcement
AWM Embarkation Roll number23/21/2
Embarkation detailsUnit embarked from Sydney, New South Wales, on board HMAT A54 Runic on 9 August 1915
Rank from Nominal RollGunner
Unit from Nominal Roll13th Field Artillery Brigade
Fate

Other Details
Returned to Australia 31 October 1917
Discharged because of deficient hearing
War Service:  Western Front, France
Medals:  1914-1915 Star, British War Medal, Victory Medal

Frederick was born in 1893.  He was the son of Francis Coombes and Bridget Ellen Connors.
He embarked from Sydney aboard HMAT A54 Runic on the 9th of August 1915 when Frederick was aged 22.  He was transferred to the 56th Battalion in February 1916 based at Tel-el-Kabir, then the 13th F.A. Brigade in March 1916 in France, then the 5th D.A.C. two months later as a 'mustered gunner', and finally to the 13th F.A.B. in April of 1917.
He served in France.  He returned to Australia aboard H.M.A.S. Berrima, discharged in October of 1917 with 'deficient hearing'.
Frederick died in 1950 at the age of 56.  His occupation at the time was 'glass worker'.




Two great grandsons of my paternal Great Great Great Grandparents, James Exton and Susannah (nee Lancaster).




Robert William Lawrence  (2nd cousin 2x removed on my father's side)






Regimental number2454
Place of birthCondong, New South Wales
ReligionChurch of England
OccupationCattle drover
AddressBrisbane, Queensland
Marital statusSingle
Age at embarkation19
Next of kinMother: Mrs Mary Lawrence, East Murwillumbah, New South Wales
Enlistment date19 April 1916
Rank on enlistmentPrivate
Unit name49th Battalion, 5th Reinforcement
AWM Embarkation Roll number23/66/3
Embarkation detailsUnit embarked from Brisbane, Queensland, on board HMAT A49 Seang Choon on 19 September 1916
Rank from Nominal RollPrivate
Unit from Nominal RollAustralian Corps Working Party
Fate

Other Details
Returned to Australia 2 January 1919
Termination of period of enlistment
War Service:  Western Front, France
Medals:  1914-1915 Star, British War Medal, Victory Medal

Robert was born in 1898.  He was the son of William Truckle Lawrence and Mary McDonough and had worked as a cattle drover before he enlisted.
Robert enlisted about six months after his older brother.
He embarked aboard HMAT A49 in September of 1916, aged 19.  He served in France and returned to Australia aboard H.M.A.S. Berrima in January of 1919.
Whilst his period of enlistment had ended, he was listed as being an 'invalid', suffering from the effects of gas.
He never married.


William Charles Lawrence    (2nd cousin 2x removed on my father's side)









Regimental number

3129
Place of birthCondong, New South Wales
ReligionChurch of England
OccupationButcher
AddressBrisbane, Queensland
Marital statusSingle
Age at embarkation19
Next of kinMother: Mrs Mary Lawrence, Murwillumbah, New South Wales
Enlistment date5 October 1915
Date of enlistment from Nominal Roll6 October 1915
Rank on enlistmentPrivate
Unit name25th Battalion, 7th Reinforcement
AWM Embarkation Roll number23/42/2
Embarkation detailsUnit embarked from Brisbane, Queensland, on board HMAT A50 Itonus on 30 December 1915
Rank from Nominal RollCorporal
Unit from Nominal Roll25th Battalion
FateKilled in Action 16 January, 1917
Place of burial
Commemoration Details

Panel Number, Roll of Honour,
Australian War Memorial
Other Details
No known grave
Australian National Memorial, Villers-Brettoneux, France
105

War Service: Western Front, France
Medals: British War Medal, Victory Medal

William was born in 1896, the son of William Truckle Lawrence and Mary McDonough.  He had worked as a butcher before he enlisted in 1915.
He embarked aboard HMAT A50 Itonus at the end of 1915 and served in France with the 25th Battalion.
In November of 1916 he was promoted to Temporary Corporal, but sadly, a mere two months later, William was reported as 'missing in action' in January of 1917.  A court of inquiry listed him as 'killed in action' in July of the same year.  There was no listed place of burial.
William's name is listed on the Villers-Brettoneux Memorial in France.


Original post ... eight family members.


Three sons of my paternal Grandmother's (Grace Connors - nee Brown) uncle, James Cusack. 

Ernest Thomas Stanley Cusack  (1st cousin 2x removed on my father's side)











Regimental number
508
Place of birth
Byron Bay, New South Wales
Religion
Presbyterian
Occupation
Labourer
Address
Byron Bay PO, Byron Bay, New South Wales
Marital status
Single
Age at embarkation
19
Next of kin
Mother, Mrs Mary Ann Cusack, Byron Bay PO, Byron Bay, New South Wales
Enlistment date
15 June 1916
Rank on enlistment
Private
Unit name
Machine Gun Company 15, Reinforcement 8
AWM Embarkation Roll number
24/20/3
Embarkation details
Unit embarked from Melbourne, Victoria, on board HMAT A34 Persic on 22 December 1916
Other details from Roll of Honour Circular
Died Military Hospital, London, England.
Fate
Died of disease (Influenza) 3 March 1919
Age at death
21.7
Age at death from cemetery records
21
Place of burial
Brookwood Military Cemetery (Plot IV, Row J, Grave No. 7), Surrey, England
Panel number, Roll of Honour,
Australian War Memorial
176
Miscellaneous information from
cemetery records
Parents: James and Mary CUSACK, Bryron Bay, New South Wales

Ernest was born in 1897.  His father was James Cusack and his mother was Mary Ann Davies.
Ernest's unit embarked from Melbourne, Victoria on board HMAS A34 Persic on December 22nd, 1916.  He served in France.He was wounded in September of 1917 with a "shell wound to the chin".
He died in a military hosptial in London, England.  Ernest had been on leave and had contracted influenza.
His headstone reads: "Though lost to sight to memory ever dear"



 Harold John Charles Cusack   (1st cousin 2x removed on my father's side)












Regimental number
3721
Religion
Roman Catholic
Occupation
Plumber
Address
Byron Bay, New South Wales
Marital status
Single
Age at embarkation
20
Next of kin
Mother, Mrs M A Cusack, Byron Bay, New South Wales
Enlistment date
10 August 1915
Rank on enlistment
Private
Unit name
15th Battalion, 12th Reinforcement
AWM Embarkation Roll number
23/32/2
Embarkation details
Unit embarked from Sydney, New South Wales, on board HMAT A23 Suffolk on 30 November 1915
Rank from Nominal Roll
Private
Unit from Nominal Roll
15th Battalion
Fate
Returned to Australia 12 April 1916

Harold as born in 1895.  His father was James Cusack and his mother was Mary Ann Davies.
Harold embarked from Sydney, New South Wales on board HMAT A23 Suffolk on November the 30th 1915.
He made it to a training camp in Egypt but did not join in the Meditteranean Expeditionary Force as he fell ill with acute appendicitis in March of 1916.  He was discharged as medically unfit and sent home to Australia the following month.



James Herbert Cusack    (1st cousin 2x removed on my father's side)












Regimental number
6064
Place of birth
Blakebrook New South Wales
Religion
Church of England
Occupation
Labourer
Address
Byron Bay, New South Wales
Marital status
Single
Age at embarkation
27
Next of kin
Mother, Mrs Mary Ann Cusack, Byron Bay, New South Wales
Enlistment date
9 August 1916
Rank on enlistment
Private
Unit name
25th Battalion, 17th Reinforcement
AWM Embarkation Roll number
23/42/5
Embarkation details
Unit embarked from Brisbane, Queensland, on board HMAT A75 Marathon on 27 October 1916
Rank from Nominal Roll
Private
Unit from Nominal Roll
9th Battalion
Fate
Returned to Australia 8 August 1919
Other details
War service: Western Front
Medals: British War Medal, Victory Medal

James was born in 1889.  His father was James Cusack and his mother was Mary Ann Davies.  He  embarked on board the HMAT A75 Marathon in October of 1916. James served in France. He was wounded in action in July of 1918.
The following year, James married Edith Grinstead in London in May 1919. He returned home in August of 1919.



Three sons of my maternal Great Great Grandparents, Michael Farrell and Susan (nee Muldowney). 

Patrick Joseph Farrell  (my 2nd great uncle)














Regimental number
6550
Place of birth
Durham, England
School
St Joseph's, West Stanley, County Durham, England
Age on arrival in Australia
12
Religion
Roman Catholic
Occupation
Ironmoulder
Address
Bundaberg, Queensland
Marital status
Single
Age at embarkation
39
Next of kin
Mother, Mrs S Farrell, Bridge Street, Charters Towers, Queensland
Enlistment date
17 November 1916
Rank on enlistment
Private
Unit name
25th Battalion, 19th Reinforcement
AWM Embarkation Roll number
23/42/6
Embarkation details
Unit embarked from Sydney, New South Wales, on board HMAT A18 Wiltshire on 7 February 1917
Rank from Nominal Roll
Private
Unit from Nominal Roll
25th Battalion
Fate
Killed in Action 20 September 1917
Place of death or wounding
Polygon Wood, Belgium
Age at death
39
Age at death from cemetery records
39
Place of burial
No known grave
Commemoration details
The Ypres (Menin Gate) Memorial (Panel 23), Belgium
Panel number, Roll of Honour,
Australian War Memorial
104
Miscellaneous information from
cemetery records
Parents: Michael and Susan FARRELL. Native of Co. Durham, England
Other details
War service: Western Front
Medals: British War Medal, Victory Medal
Patrick was born in 1878 in England.  He was the son of Michael Farrell and Susan Muldowney.  The family emigrated from England to Australia when Patrick was 8 years old.
Patrick embarked from Sydney in February of 1917.  He served in France and Belgium.
Patrick was killed in action in late 1917 in the area of the Polygon Wood in Belgium.  His name is incribed on the Menin Gate Memorial at Ypres in Belgium.


Matthew Felix Farrell   (my 2nd great uncle)












Regimental number
6486
Place of birth
West Stanley England
Religion
Roman Catholic
Occupation
Hairdresser
Address
Bridge Street, Charters Towers, Queensland
Marital status
Single
Age at embarkation
29
Next of kin
Father, Mr M Farrell, Bridge Street, Charter's Towers, Queensland
Enlistment date
10 July 1916
Rank on enlistment
Private
Unit name
9th Battalion, 21st Reinforcement
AWM Embarkation Roll number
23/26/4
Embarkation details
Unit embarked from Brisbane, Queensland, on board HMAT A36 Boonah on 21 October 1916
Rank from Nominal Roll
Private
Unit from Nominal Roll
9th Battalion
Fate
Returned to Australia 5 April 1918

Matthew was born in 1887, in England.  He was the son of Michael Farrell and Susan Muldowney.  The family emigrated from England to Australia when Michael was just a few months old.
Matthew was working on a station named Bluff Downs, near Charters Towers, when he enlisted.  He embarked from Brisbane in 1916.
Matthew served in France and Belgium.  He somehow fractured both bones in his right leg in October 1917, and was sent home in early 1918.


James Farrell     (my 2nd great uncle)









Regimental number
22
Religion
Roman Catholic
Occupation
Hairdresser
Address
Brisbane, Queensland
Marital status
Married
Age at embarkation
34
Next of kin
Wife, Mrs Minnie Farrell, Camden Street, Albion, Brisbane, Queensland
Enlistment date
4 January 1916
Rank on enlistment
Private
Unit name
Brigade 11, Headquarters
AWM Embarkation Roll number
23/11/1
Embarkation details
Unit embarked from Sydney, New South Wales, on board HMAT A64 Demosthenes on 18 May 1916
Rank from Nominal Roll
Private
Unit from Nominal Roll
42nd Battalion
Fate
Returned to Australia 15 April 1918

James was born in 1880, in England.  He was the son of Michael Farrell and Susan Muldowney. The family emigrated from England to Australia when James was 6 years old.
He embarked from Sydney in 1916 and fought in France.
In November of 1917 he was sent to a hosptial in England suffering from Nephritis, which is apparently an inflammation of the kidneys which causes impaired kidney function.  He was returned home to Australia in early 1918.




Two sons of my paternal Great Great Grandparents, Thomas Connors, and Susannah (nee Hukins).

Erice Sylvester Connors   (my great uncle)












Regimental number
4474
Place of birth
Berry, New South Wales
Religion
Roman Catholic
Occupation
Carter
Address
Gotha Street, Valley, Brisbane, Queensland
Marital status
Single
Age at embarkation
23
Next of kin
Sister, Mrs E Bates, 76 Gotha Street, Valley, Brisbane, Queensland
Enlistment date
28 September 1915
Rank on enlistment
Private
Unit name
9th Battalion, 14th Reinforcement
AWM Embarkation Roll number
23/26/4
Embarkation details
Unit embarked from Brisbane, Queensland, on board HMAT A62 Wandilla on 31 January 1916
Rank from Nominal Roll
Gunner
Unit from Nominal Roll
11th Field Artillery Brigade
Other details from Roll of Honour  
Enlisted 28 September 1915 - 14th Rfcts. 9 Bn. TOS 11 FAS 17 June 1916
Fate
Killed in Action 30 December 1916
Place of death or wounding
Somme, France
Age at death
24
Place of burial
No known grave
Commemoration details
Australian National Memorial, Villers-Bretonneux, France
Panel number, Roll of Honour,
Australian War Memorial
16
Family/military connections
Brother: 639 WO II Cyril Ernest CONNORS, 6th Light Horse Regiment, returned to Australia, 15 November 1918.
Other details
War service: Western Front
Medals: British War Medal, Victory Medal

Erice was born in 1892 in New South Wales.  He was the son of Thomas Connors and Susannah Hukins.
Erice embarked from Brisbane in early 1916.  He served in France, initially as a gunner with the 43rd Battery of 11th FAB.  Then in mid 1916 he was transferred to 11th FAB HQ as a signaller, responsible for communications with the Brigade.
By December of 1916, Erice was in the area of Flers in The Somme.  On the 30th of December, at 4.00 pm a shell hit one of the HQ dugouts.  Erice was killed instanteously.  His place of burial is unknown.
Erice's name is listed on the Villers-Bretonneux Memorial in France.



Cyril Ernest Connors   (my great uncle)












Regimental number
639
Date of birth
23 April 1890
Place of birth
Berry, New South Wales
Enlistment date
1 October 1914
Rank from Nominal Roll
Warrant Officer II
Unit from Nominal Roll
6th Light Horse Regiment
Fate
Returned to Australia 15 November 1918
Family/military connections
Brother: 4474 Gunner Erice Sylvester CONNORS, 11th Field Artillery Brigade, killed in action, 30 December 1916.
Other details
Medals: 1914-15 Star, British War Medal, Victory Medal
Also served in World War II: enlisted Adamstown, New South Wales, 19 January 1942; died, N393474 Pte HQ, Volunteer Defence Corps, New South Wales, 18 June 1942.
Date of death 18 June 1942
Age at death
52
Embarkation Details
Eventually his name was found on the embarkation roll for December 1914.  Unit embarked from Sydney, New South Wales on board HMAT A29 Suevic 21

Cyril was born in 1888 in New South Wales.  His father was Thomas Connors and his mother was Susannah Hukins.

Cyril embarked in late 1914 with the 6th Australian Light Horse Regiment. He spent time in Egypt before arriving at Gallipoli on the 20th of May 1915.  He became ill with influenza in in October 1915 and was evacuated to Malta.  
He spent six months there and then returned to Egypt where he joined the Imperial Camel Corps and rose to the rank of Company Quarter Master Sergeant.
This unit saw some heavy fighting. He was wounded several times.
In 1918 the Camel Corps was disbanded and he transferred back to the Light Horse.
He returned to Australia on leave in November 1918 just as the war was ending.



(Cyril also enlisted in the Second World War in January 1942 and was attached to the Camp Staff at Raymond Terrace.)  













Extra note:  I'm joining Amy Johnson Crow's 52 Ancestors in 52 Weeks project / challenge.


The prompt for Week 21 is 'Military'.

You can join by blogging or posting on social media with the tag #52ancestors.



Check out this FB page:  Amy Johnson Crow


1 comment:

  1. I have included your blog/s in INTERESTING BLOGS in FRIDAY FOSSICKING at

    https://thatmomentintime-crissouli.blogspot.com/2018/04/friday-fossicking-27th-april-2018.html

    Thank you, Chris

    ReplyDelete

Popular Posts